It is important not only to properly plant the lily bulbs and ensure that they grow into mature plants, but also to ensure that the lilies are properly cared for during budding, during flowering and after flowering. The beauty of flowering garden lilies, the duration of their flowering and the well-being of the plants themselves will largely depend on your efforts.
How to grow lilies for lush bloom
Growing lilies, especially exotic varieties, seems to be a difficult task for many novice growers due to the prevailing opinion that garden lilies are very capricious. In fact, you won't have any problems with these flowers if you know well how to care for lilies throughout the season.
You will not have problems with these flowers if you know well how to care for lilies.
The flowering of garden lilies is influenced by many different factors, ranging from the place of planting and the composition of the soil, to timely watering and top dressing. Although lilies generally do well in both shade and sunlit areas, extremes should be avoided. Lilies growing in shaded areas stretch strongly, you have to tie them up. But those plants that are constantly under the scorching summer sun dry out without abundant watering, become stunted and quickly fade.
Video about caring for lilies
In this regard, try to choose a place for planting lilies so that they feel as comfortable as possible and do not bring unnecessary trouble. The best option is when the plants are illuminated by sunlight in the morning. Keep in mind that in this case, you can water the flowers only in the evening, so that in the morning the lily leaves do not get burned by drops of moisture.
It is very important not to allow waterlogging of the soil and stagnation of moisture: if the soil is clay, be sure to provide drainage, otherwise the roots of the bulbs will rot and you will not wait for the lilies to bloom. Lack of moisture is also undesirable - the flowers are small, curved. Fresh manure also prevents the flowering of lilies, which stimulates the rapid development of the green mass of the plant, but harms the bulb.
It is very important to avoid waterlogging of the soil and moisture stagnation.
The key to lush blooming lilies:
- bright morning sun;
- temperature up to +30 degrees;
- more intensive watering during the budding period (keep in mind that different varieties of lilies require different watering);
- fertilizing with mineral fertilizers;
- regular weeding and loosening.
It should be noted that in the first year, it is recommended to cut off all the lily buds, no matter how sorry you may be for them. Such a decisive step will allow the lily bulb to stock up on vitality so that next season it will give you many beautiful large flowers.
What to do during and after flowering lilies
Lilies planted in the shade will need to be tied to pegs stuck in the ground before flowering (just do not damage the pegs with the pegs), otherwise, under the weight of the flowers, the lilies may fall to the ground. Those plants that grew in the sun turn out to be quite powerful and do not need a garter.
Lily is a flower, the cultivation of which is used not only for decorating flower beds, but also for creating chic bouquets.
If you provide your plants with proper cultivation and care, the lilies will bloom for a long time: first, the flowers of Asiatic lilies and LA hybrids will bloom, followed by OT hybrids, oriental and tubular lilies. You just have to admire the magnificent flowers and inhale their fragrance.
Leaving the lilies to bloom in the garden allows the bulbs to grow larger, which will give the plants even more abundant flowering next season. But how can you deny yourself the pleasure of decorating your home with beautiful lilies! After all, a lily is a flower, the cultivation of which is used not only for decorating flower beds, but also for creating chic bouquets. Follow the tips below and you can keep the negative effects of cutting flowers to a minimum.
Video about caring for lilies in the garden
Cutting lily flowers correctly:
- the most suitable time for cutting flowers is early morning or late evening, in cloudy weather the time does not matter;
- it is safer to break off the peduncles, since through a knife you can easily infect the lily with viral diseases, or disinfect the knife before cutting;
- the longer the stem remains after cutting the peduncle (at least a third of the stem with leaves should remain), the more complete the nutrition of the bulb will be, and the better it will ripen;
- it is recommended to cut obliquely, then water after rain will not accumulate on the stem, causing rotting.
Periodically remove emerging weeds and loosen when cracks and crusts form on the soil surface.
When the lilies have faded, post-flowering is minimized. Dried flowers are removed from the stems so that the plants do not waste energy in ripening the seeds. The last feeding of the season with phosphorus and potash fertilizers is carried out, and the preparation of lilies for winter begins. Now you need to increase watering again - this will allow the bulbs to accumulate nutrient reserves for the long winter and finally get stronger. Periodically remove emerging weeds and, if cracks and crusts form on the soil surface, loosen. Two weeks after all the lilies have faded, you can start replanting them or cover them for the winter.
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How to care for lilies for the winter
During the summer season, lilies do not require much maintenance. It is enough to irrigate so that the soil around them is not dry, loosen the soil around each bush, remove weeds and apply fertilizers several times per season. But with the arrival of autumn, caring for lilies will be more difficult. How to properly prepare flowers for the winter season? When do they need to be dug up, and which of them can be simply cut and covered before the onset of cold weather? All this should be reminded to those growers who decide to grow these beautiful flowers in their garden.
Do I need to dig up lilies for the winter or is it enough to cover them?
It all depends on the climate of the area where the garden plot is located. If the winters are not very frosty and snowy enough, then the plants can be left to winter in the soil. But before that, they need to be dug up and planted again. To distribute young bulbs and remove old ones.
In addition, the variety of lilies is also important. There are species that winter well even in the most severe winters. These include Asian, OT and LA hybrids. For them, the question of whether lilies are dug up for the winter is not important. They will calmly withstand all the tests of frost.
If the dacha is decorated with lilies of oriental hybrid varieties, then it is better to cover them for the winter. Although, if the winters are not cold and snowy, then the plants can survive the cold so well.
But there are also varieties that are afraid of frost, so they must be dug out. These include tubular lilies. For their safety, it is imperative to dig them up in the fall and store them in the basement until spring.
When to dig up lilies for transplanting?
There are two times when lilies are dug up for transplanting, these are:
- In the autumn. In the first half of September. This time is important so that the bulbs have time to gain strength and take root in a new place and be able to survive the winter.
- In the spring. To do this, the lilies need to be dug up in the fall and kept throughout the winter. And after warming, land them in a permanent place.
What material and when to close the lilies for the winter?
This action takes place in late October - early November. It is during this period that the first snow begins to fall and there are frosty nights. By the way, it will be necessary to remove this shelter after all the snow has melted.
Suitable as a covering material:
- mixture of sawdust with shavings
- spruce branches from ate or just some needles
- peat or ready-made compost, which can be left in the spring as fertilizer
- polyethylene or special material.
When to dig up lilies?
The timing will differ for different varieties. To determine the moment when the lily bulbs are dug up, the following signs will prompt:
If these processes are not noted before the third decade of September, then all lilies, without exception, should be dug up for winter storage.
Lily varieties usually need to be dug up between late August and mid September.
Some varieties can be replanted even in summer. Then the question arises of when to dig up the lilies: after flowering or you can not wait for it to end. It is allowed to do this even with flowers, only you need not to damage anything during transplantation and water the plant abundantly.
How to dig up lilies?
- Use a pitchfork to remove the plant from the ground.
- Shorten the stems, leaving only 5 cm cuttings.
- Gently shake roots off the ground.
- Excess roots must be cut off. Sufficient length is 5-10 cm. Those that are larger can be safely reduced.
- Remove all damaged roots. They can be rotten or dry. Wash the bulbs in clean water.
- Soak them in a solution of karbofos or magnesium permanganate for 30-40 minutes. This will allow them to be disinfected.
- Then dry in a dark and cool place.
- Place in winter storage.
Should and when to dig up lilies? In fact, the answer to this question depends on the type of lily you are growing.
Dig regularly for the winter:
- la hybrids,
- Asian hybrids.
Because these types of lilies over the summer are overgrown with children, which in the spring will grow to the mother's bulb and will take away nutrients and water from her.
The timing for digging up and replanting lilies ranges from mid-late August to early September. The best way to determine the time for digging is to look at the onion. Usually, after flowering, the bulbs become depleted, become friable, the scales wither and become thin. Therefore, in order for the lily to move away from flowering and gain strength, it must take 1 - 1.5 months.
During this time, the bulb will become large and healthy, of course, subject to watering, warmth and sufficient nutrition.
The easiest way to dig up lilies is with a garden pitchfork so as not to damage the roots. Gently shake the soil off the bulbs and examine it carefully.
Remove rusty and brown spots, if necessary, the bulbs can be washed with water and soaked in a nutrient solution or disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate. After that, you can cut the roots, leaving 7 - 10 cm and plant in a new place.
If you are not planning on planting lilies, consider storage before digging up the lilies. Prepare containers, wet bag or burlap and store in a cool dry place.
Home care for hippeastrum after flowering
Hippeastrum is a houseplant that has gained wide popularity due to its large flowers. Plant care includes not only proper watering, but also following the recommendations for maintenance after flowering. Not all growers know how to deal with a potted flower after it has faded. And this is the most important period in the development of a plant. With proper care, hippeastrum will delight with beautiful flowers several times a year.
In most cases, hippeastrum produces a peduncle in the absence of leaves. It can bloom on a bare bulb. Only after the plant has faded, leaves begin to develop. Their length can sometimes reach up to 50 cm.
The larger and more massive the foliage, the more nutrients the bulb will then receive. During flowering, she spends them on flowers and noticeably loses her weight. Dying leaves will again give useful substances to the bulb.
The main care during this period is feeding. If you dig up the bulb after the last flower has faded, you can see that it has greatly decreased in size. The size of the bulb itself depends on how many peduncles it will give. Large ones are capable of giving two arrows, while losing a significant amount of nutrients.
After the flowers wither, do not cut the peduncle. He must return the trace elements back to the bulb. Once most of the flowering arrow has dried, you can gently unscrew it. Following the bud, green leaves begin to grow actively. At this time, the plant should also be abundantly watered and fed. There should be enough sunlight and heat for the bulb to grow further.
The houseplant is watered through a tray. If the hippeastrum is located in the garden, then a small depression must be made for watering. Dry top dressing can be sprinkled on the ground in a thin layer or diluted with water.
After flowering, fertilizing is carried out twice a month. A young or severely weakened plant can be fed every week. The most important trace elements that a flower needs are potassium and phosphorus. They allow the plant to restore strength in a short time. In most cases, flower growers use complex fertilizers for flowering plants.
The dormant period is the time when the plant does not bloom and does not give new shoots and leaves. At this time, the indoor flower is resting and gaining strength for the next flowering. Hippeastrum has no time of year. It all depends on when the distillation was done. Most varieties of this plant must be sent to rest after it has faded. Sometimes there are varieties that do not need it and always have leaves.
Often amateur flower growers alternate between dormancy and flowering, thereby achieving more frequent flowering from the hippeastrum. As a rule, this is early spring and late autumn. After the hippeastrum has faded, nothing can be done with it. You need to wait until all the leaves dry out on their own. In this way, the bulb will be able to receive all the nutrients spent on flowering.
When the green mass begins to turn yellow and dry, watering must be stopped. As soon as the last leaf has dried, it can be conditionally considered that the plant has entered the resting phase. If the plant grew outside, it must be dug up and transplanted into a flower pot.
Sometimes you can leave the bulb in the ground for the winter. It is important to consider that the latter option is suitable for a warm climatic zone. This should not be done in moderate latitude conditions. If the temperature of the earth during the winter period does not drop below 5 degrees, then the resting phase can be arranged in the open ground.
Even so, care must be taken that the bulb does not freeze. To do this, it is necessary to make a peat cover that will protect the plant in winter.
How to care for lilies
How to care for lilies - this question worries every newly-made mistress of this overseas flower, which has amazing beauty and an incomparable, tart, harsh, exotic aroma. Lily is a bulbous plant, and, as the most common stereotype says, any bulbous plant is extremely moody and demanding.
In fact, caring for a room lily at home is practically no different from caring for any other potted flower.
Top dressing, watering, loosening - these are the basic rules that owners of indoor lilies in a pot should adhere to.
Direct bright light is not for them, so the plant will feel best on the northwest or northeast side of the house or office. A little twilight is good for her.
But as far as temperature is concerned, lilies are traditional here: like most flowering plants, they love warmth and suffer greatly from drafts.The roots are especially sensitive to all kinds of extreme conditions: the ground should be constantly slightly damp, but in no case damp.
Lilies, as noted, are flowering plants. Therefore, the procedure for caring for them would be correctly divided into two stages: before and during flowering, on the one hand, and after flowering, on the other.
How to care for lilies before and during flowering
When the root system is formed, you need to feed the plant with nitrogen fertilizers. And during the period of bud formation, fertilizing with potassium-phosphorus is especially recommended. In the summer heat or during the heating season, when the air in the room is dry, the lilies need to be sprayed, but so that the water does not get on the flowers.
How to care for lilies after flowering
Top dressing should also be introduced along with watering, but not more often than 1 time in 2 weeks. Immediately after the bud has fallen or wilted, it must be cut off. In this case, the incision must be made not under the root of the bud, but slightly below.
In the fall, feeding is canceled. The plant itself is cut - as soon as the leaves have wilted or turned yellow. The entire visible part of the stem above the ground should be cut off and the plant should be left to rest for the winter.
Video tutorial on flower care!
Garden lily care
Watering lilies can only be done if the soil is dry. Use sun-heated water from a barrel for irrigation (but never cold water from a hose). When all the lilies have faded, you need to loosen the watering and then weed the areas. Then you can forget the time about plants - before the flowering period does not require attention.
It is best to cut the flowers during flowering. Thanks to them, the bulbs can ripen correctly. But if you still want to cut off the stem, it is best to leave a small part of it.
To keep the lily bulbs from overheating, mulch the plants. Some plants do not like cold weather. For example, oriental hybrids. On the contrary, other varieties do not tolerate heat, this is the case of the Asiatic lily. Therefore, for growing Asiatic lilies in summer, we recommend choosing a cool place and adding a little soil around them.
If you have lilies under cover in winter, remove it immediately as soon as the snow melts. Also note that you do not need to cover all types of flowers for the winter - there are many frost-resistant ones among them. For example, Asian hybrids. Since spring, the earth is full of moisture and nutrients, it is during this time that lilies are able to form the most powerful root system. Even before the appearance of lilies, you need to loosen the ground.
How to improve lily blooms?
- prune wilted flowers in inflorescences
- prevent the bulbs from overheating and shade the plants themselves in the heat
- have different species and varieties with different flowering periods next to each other
- provide watering and feeding.
What to do after flowering?
After flowering, the lilies must be separated and replanted (wait at least 4 weeks after flowering). Or leave them intact. In any case, after flowering, lilies require minimal maintenance - only occasionally remove weeds and huddle plants. And above all, don't break off, don't cut off the stem (also dry). First, it helps the bulb to store nutrients. And secondly, this cannot be done before spring, so as not to damage the bulb.
The lily begins to reproduce around the age of 5, when flowering is scarce. Seeing the main bulbs in small bulbs, tending them and replanting them separately is fun.
This concerns the care of lilies that grow in the garden. Caring for potted lilies will of course be slightly different.
What can not be fertilized with lilies?
Lilies cannot stand fresh humus and compost. This reduces the winter hardiness of flowers, flowering becomes inactive. Such organics can damage the root system of a perennial.
Lilies do not like leaf processing. Spraying foliage can provoke a burn of leaf plates, their drying out and death. Fertilizers for a flower are applied exclusively by the root method or by mulching - covering the soil over the root system of lilies with leaves, rotted humus, which helps to regulate the water-air balance, protects against attacks of pests.
Being engaged in floriculture and growing lilies on a personal plot, you need to remember that in order for the majestic beauties to bloom well and please the eyes of the owners, they require careful care. It consists in the correct and timely watering, the choice of suitable fertilizers. The introduction of additional nutrients for lilies in the spring will allow them to germinate more easily and faster, take root, and prepare them for the future abundant and lush flowering.