Spring and winter garlic are planted at different times. However, regardless of whether this is done in spring or autumn, the planting bed must be prepared in advance.
Choosing a place for a garden of garlic
Best of all, garlic develops and grows large heads in open and sunny plots located on a small hill and not flooded by rain and melt waters. In lowlands and in dampness, as well as in shaded places (under trees, near the walls of buildings, etc.), this culture grows poorly. Well-drained, loose and light loamy soils, the acidity of which is neutral and very slightly acidic, are most suitable for a spicy vegetable.
When arranging a garden bed, it must be remembered that garlic does not grow well after:
- all onions;
- turnips, etc.
The yield increases significantly if before that there were growing:
- any cabbage;
You cannot plant garlic in the same place for several years in a row, you can return it back no earlier than after 3-4 years.
Garlic loves open and sunny places.
Optimal timing of the preparation of the garden
A place for podzimny planting of garlic is prepared about 3-4 weeks before the expected day of planting work, because the earth in the garden should settle down a little and stick together, otherwise the cloves will go far into the ground... Estimated terms by region:
- the middle band, including the Moscow region, - starting from the last August decade and throughout September;
- northern latitudes - from the second half of August to the second half of September;
- southern regions - from early October until November.
The preparation of the site for the spring placement of spring garlic does not have such a strict time frame; this can be done in any autumn month, while the ground is still not frozen.
I usually prepare a place for winter garlic (I never plant spring garlic) in early August, when I clean up the strawberry plantation and throw out the old bushes. It is absolutely okay if the bed stands empty longer.
Autumn soil preparation for garlic
The selected area is first dug up (on the bayonet of a shovel), not forgetting to choose the rhizomes of weed perennials, and fertilizers are immediately added (based on each m2):
- garden compost or humus (8-9 kg);
- wood ash (0.2-0.25 kg);
- potassium sulfate (15–20 g) and superphosphate (30–35 g) or potassium monophosphate (45–50 g).
The land allotted for garlic is dug up and fertilized
For spring garlic, the applied dressings are slightly different:
- superphosphate (45-50 g);
- compost or humus (bucket);
- ash (100-150 g);
- urea (10-15 g).
On acidified soils, it is necessary to add fluff lime or dolomite flour.
Too heavy clay soils are lightened by peat and sand (6 and 8 kg per m22). Sandstones are structured with peat crumb and loamy substrate (5 and 6 kg per m22). Swampy peat soils are improved with sand and loam (10 and 8 kg per m2).
Further preparation of the beds for planting
A rather high bed (12-15 cm) is formed under the garlic, of arbitrary length and width of about 0.8-1 m. Approximately 5-7 days before planting the winter variety, the soil is disinfected by spilling a solution of any of the preparations (consumption per m2 - 5 l):
- Bordeaux mixture (3%);
- potassium permanganate (1 g per liter);
- copper sulfate (3-4%);
- fungicide (Acrobat, Topaz, etc.), diluted according to the instructions.
A bed for garlic is made with a height of 12-15 cm, the edges can be closed with boards
After carrying out disinfection measures, the site must be covered with plastic wrap until the day of disembarkation.
For spring garlic, it is advisable to mulch the soil with a 2-3 cm layer of mowed grass, humus, chopped tops (beets or carrots), compost, peat, etc. Mulch will save the earth from the chilly drying winter winds and retain moisture. To prevent the prepared bed from being washed away by rains and thawed spring waters, it is better to cover it with polyethylene until spring.
Video: preparing a garden for garlic
Garlic, planted in a properly prepared and well-seasoned garden bed, will thank you with a generous harvest of large heads of a healthy spicy vegetable in the coming season.
How to prepare garlic beds for the winter: step-by-step instructions for novice farmers and advice from experienced colleagues
Who doesn't dream of a rich harvest on their site? It rarely happens that the gardener almost does not have to make an effort to do this. Often, only fruitful work leads us to the expected result. And if the gardener has set himself the goal of growing garlic, it is worth taking care of this in the fall. By doing everything right, you will have a good harvest in the middle of summer.
Consider what is the preparation of the garden for garlic in the fall.
Benefits of Planting Winter Garlic
Some gardeners choose to grow spring garlic because of its longer shelf life. However, there are a number of benefits to planting winter garlic.
1. Saving time during spring work. Planting dates are extended, which allows you to take your time and prepare well for the procedure. In the spring, there is too much work in the garden, there is no time for high-quality preparation of the garden bed and material, and in the fall it is much more.
2. Winter garlic is not afraid of frost, while return frosts can destroy tender shoots of spring garlic.
3. The planting material is large enough, and the small fraction of spring garlic often dries out by the time of planting.
4. Winter garlic is undemanding to care for, since there is enough soil moisture for its development.
5. Winter varieties of garlic are more resistant to pests, less affected by various diseases.
6. The yield of winter garlic is much higher than that of spring garlic.
7. Harvesting takes place a month earlier, which allows the use of garlic for summer consumption.
Preparing the soil for planting garlic in the fall before winter
We select and prepare beds for growing crops.
Preparing the soil for planting garlic in the fall before winter
We choose a bed on light loamy or sandy loam soils. The area must be flat and well lit.
We prepare the land for planting a month before the main work.
To do this, we dig the earth to a depth of 20-25 cm, clear it of weeds and add it to 1 sq. m. a bucket of humus or compost (peat).
From mineral fertilizers - 1 tbsp. a spoonful of double potassium superphosphate, 2 cups of wood ash. Then mix evenly with the soil, spill it with a solution: for 10 liters of water 3 tbsp. spoons "Intermag vegetable garden" for bulb crops (3-4 liters per 1 sq. m.).
Our greens do not like fresh manure and can give a good harvest of foliage, while also getting sick.
After that, we level the bed and slightly compact it.
The height of the ridges is 18–25 cm, the width is from 60 cm to 1 m, the distance between the rows of plants is at least 18–20 cm, between the cloves is 7–9 cm.
For better heating, it is advisable to locate ridges and rows from north to south.
Cover with black material (foil) and leave alone until planting.
If the autumn is dry, then it is advisable to shed the prepared soil according to the situation.
And be sure to treat the area with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water).
And do not forget to cover with foil.
The best fertilizers in spring and autumn
Fertilizers applied for garlic in autumn are:
- organic (wood ash, manure)
- mineral (complex).
The benefits of ash and manure
Manure is good as a top dressing, but it is better not to use it in autumn. The fruits of the garlic will become loose and the plant itself will be vulnerable to dangerous fungal spores. Because of the manure, the growth of the vegetable will go into the green tops, and the heads will grow small.
Wood ash is the best organic matter for any vegetable. Garlic beds are fertilized with it, introducing it with humus and digging up the soil. You can plant a vegetable and apply wood ash to the furrows in the beds. Two weeks after planting the plant, it is watered with an ash solution. The solution is prepared as follows: take a tablespoon of ash and dissolve it in a liter of water. 2-3 liters of solution is enough for 1 m2.
Chemical (mineral) dressing
Mineral fertilizers can also be applied in autumn with garlic. Before planting, the soil is fertilized with superphosphates and potassium. Superphosphate nourishes plants, and potassium forms the root system before the onset of winter cold. When applying mineral dressings, you need to ensure that they contain less nitrogen. Nitrogen promotes greenery growth. This can harm the winter garlic, as the greens will soon freeze. Nitrogen-containing compounds are introduced into the soil in spring.
Superphosphates contain a minimum amount of nitrogen - only 8%. It is well suited for fertilizing the ground for a vegetable in the fall. In superphosphates, the amount of nitrogen is better balanced with other substances. This ensures the right balance between the root and aerial parts of the plant.
There are several complex mixes that are specially formulated for garlic. If you fertilize garlic beds with them, the plants will not release green arrows before frost. In addition to superphosphate, you can use the following formulations:
- phosphoric flour
- potassium salts
- "Winter" Azofoskaya
- two-component fertilizers.
All these substances contribute to the strengthening of the root system of winter garlic and its proper growth. They are introduced along with other fertilizers - ash and other organic matter.
Planting green manure
The soil for a vegetable in the fall can be fertilized with green manure plants. Garlic gives a good reaction to any organic compounds and precursor crops. For this reason, gardeners often use green manure.
As siderates are used:
- all legumes (including beans and peas)
- cereals (barley and rye)
One of the best siderates is considered a white variety of mustard. All of these crops prevent the penetration of snow into the soil. Thanks to them, winter garlic tolerates low air temperatures. Also, green manure contains essential oils and phytoncides. They destroy harmful insects and parasitic fungi.
Siderata need to be mowed from the garden a couple of weeks before planting the garlic. The garden must be dug up and all the greens must be embedded in the ground. The embedding depth is 15 to 20 cm.
A good harvest can be obtained using the foliar feeding technique. Fertilizers are applied not under the roots of the garlic, but sprayed over it. When the garlic feathers start to turn yellow, the best time is to apply foliar feeding:
- ammonium nitrate.
In this case, a weakly concentrated solution is used so as not to harm the plant.
Site selection and soil preparation
A place for planting garlic has been chosen since autumn. It should be well lit by sunlight. When preparing the site and the soil for sowing garlic, it is necessary to take into account some of the nuances.
- To grow this vegetable, it is best to choose a cultivated area with fertile soil. This vegetable grows best in loamy and black soil. Also, garlic takes root on light loamy or sandy loamy soils with a neutral reaction.
- The site should be located in an open and well-lit place, protected from cold winds.
Important! Areas on which snow and moisture lie for a long time negatively affect the cultivation of garlic and their further harvest.
- It is desirable that the site be located at a slight slope to drain excess moisture.
- To obtain a high yield, it is necessary to fertilize the soil well before planting. For this, the following composition is prepared for 1 m: humus, compost - 1 bucket each, superphosphate, nitrophoska - 1 tbsp each. spoon, dolomite flour - 1 cup.
- The last stage of preparation will be the disinfection of the beds with copper sulfate or a solution of potassium permanganate. After 2 days, the site will be completely ready for planting the vegetable.
Advice! Gardeners with experience advise covering the beds with a transparent film before starting work.
When to plant garlic before winter in 2019 in the fall? Planting garlic according to the lunar calendar
Hello friends. Autumn has come, and it seems that the time has come to finish all the work on the gardens and summer cottages. The harvest is complete, the preparations are complete, what else do we need? But it turned out that the rest is not so close.
After all, this is the fall season when many vegetables, flowers and other vegetation require special care. For example, to get a good harvest of garlic next year, you need to cook the garlic and plant it in the ground.
Otherwise, you will not see this healthy fruit in the summer.
Garlic protects the brain from aging, maintains good memory and vitality, and has miraculous effects on the immune and nervous system.
That is why I invite you today to find out in detail when and how to plant garlic in the fall outdoors for the winter. We will also understand the landing time according to the lunar calendar and care rules.
I think it's no secret that there are two ways to grow garlic:
- winter (planted in autumn, winter)
- spring (planted in early spring)
Let's dwell on the first method. Since growing winter garlic is not difficult at all, the main thing is to pay attention to the planting timing.
If you plant garlic in early fall, it will sprout on time and die in winter. On the other hand, if it is too late, the plant will not have time to take root and successfully overwinter.
Plus, don't confuse winter garlic with spring garlic. Their main difference is the landing time. And the next reminder to help you if you are new to gardening).
Of course, landing time depends not only on the lunar calendar, but also on the region and weather conditions. Experienced gardeners believe that planting garlic in the fall is necessary three weeks before the first frost.
When and how to plant garlic before winter in autumn in 2019
The first thing I suggest is to look at the lunar calendar and see auspicious dates.
So if you live in the northern regions of our country, then the winter cultivation of garlic should begin in September. It is better to do this on the waning moon on the root days, i.e. the moon must pass through the fertile signs of the zodiac.
In September there will be the following days: September 2, 10-13, 19.
Please note that it is not recommended to land during the full moon and new moon.
But for most Russians, garlic is still planted in October before winter. The lunar calendar recommends the following favorable dates: 6, 8, 9, 11 and 12 October.
- If November is warm, it can be used for planting on the following days: November 5-7.
- We take December only when climatic conditions permit: December 11-14, 17. It is not recommended to sow garlic in 2019 on the following days:
- in September - 1, 6, 16, 20
- in October - 5, 6, 16
- in November - 4, 8, 9, 10, 18
- in December - 1-3, 18, 29.
- Also, do not forget to orient yourself in the planned planting depth:
- And since we have decided on the dates of planting, we will move on to the next point - how to plant this vegetable correctly.
After what culture to plant garlic before winter
I’ll immediately answer a lot of interesting questions: ‘Can you plant the garlic after that?’
It is advisable that tomatoes, legumes or cucumbers grow into garlic on the bed. Zucchini, pumpkins, or early cabbage are also good preliminary stages.
And where potatoes or onions are grown, it is better not to grow garlic. Also, do not plant on the ground where you fertilized this year. Otherwise, the plant will provide a large number of grasses and loose heads and will be susceptible to fungal diseases.
Now let's talk about choosing a garden for growing this vegetable.
How to choose a place for a garden and prepare it for winter garlic
First finds the most fertile soil with normal or low acidity. Make the bed on the sunny side, facing north to south. Second, prepare the ground in advance . Fertilize it from late August to early September. So, for each square meter of surface, put 10 kg of humus, 1 glass of chalk or 2 glasses of ash, one spoon of superphosphate. Spread everything evenly over the ground, then dig out the ground. Digging depth should be at least 20 cm.
Second, prepare the ground in advance . Fertilize it from late August to early September.
So, for each square meter of surface, put 10 kg of humus, 1 glass of chalk or 2 glasses of ash, one spoon of superphosphate.
Spread everything evenly over the ground, then dig out the ground. Digging depth should be at least 20 cm.
Then give time for floor shrinkage ... That is, just leave the bed alone so that the soil settles after excavation. By the way, if September is not very rainy, then for better shrinkage, you can pour water on the prepared soil several times.
The next step is soil preparation. This work is necessary for the prevention of garlic diseases. The soil is treated with 1% copper sulfate solution in a ratio of 1 tablespoon to 10 liters of water. Spread the solution over the entire surface of the bed, then cover it with plastic wrap.
But on the eve of planting garlic, you can sprinkle urea (10-20 g per 1 sq. M) on the surface of the garden bed and pour water over the ground.
Preparing garlic for planting
Next, you cook the spicy vegetables yourself. Typically, the following material is used for distribution:
- teeth (heads of garlic are divided into parts)
- seeds (bulbs).
The easiest way to get a good harvest is from your teeth. So let's take a look at preparation stages of this planting material.
1. Disassembling the head to the teeth.
First, we examine the garlic and disassemble the heads into individual teeth. Choose the largest and healthiest one.
If you are planting from non-rotating garlic varieties, use only the outer row of toes.
2. Disinfection of toes .
Soak toes for 24 hours in 0.1% potassium permanganate solution or 1% copper sulfate solution.
That's it, the garlic is ready for winter outdoor planting.
Planting winter garlic
And now it's time to dismantle the technology of planting vegetables in the fall.
1. Make holes
On the prepared bed, mark the spot where the carnations are to be planted. Take a stick and punch holes in the soil at intervals of 10 cm. The planting depth should be between 3 and 15 cm (this depends on the planting method and planting time).
The distance between the rows is 20-25 cm.
2. Deepening of the teeth of garlic.
Just insert the garlic cloves into the holes. Do not press them to the ground, as this will delay the development of the roots.
3. Treat the soil.
Spill the pink manganese solution onto the soil.
4. Fill in the holes.
Cover the holes with overlapping compost.
5. Mulch bed.
For this procedure, use peat, coniferous or leaves. Optimum layer for mulching approx. 10 cm.
Note that you do not need to mulch winter garlic in warm regions.
In fact, these are all the secrets of planting and caring for winter garlic! And by the way, don't forget that vegetables need to be changed every two years.
If you want to use a second planting material - seeds or bulbs - watch the following video. I'm sure you can do it. ...
When to plant garlic in the fall before winter for different regions of Russia
Well, in conclusion, I would like to draw your attention to what favorable days are for the proper cultivation of vegetable crops for certain regions of our country.
Planting garlic in winter for residents of the Moscow region according to the lunar calendar 2019
Recommended days are October 11-12. Although many believe that this crop should be planted before the day of coverage, i.e. until October 14.
- Planting garlic in the fall before winter for the inhabitants of Siberia
- Here are the planting dates: mid September i.e. period from 22 to 30 September. Planting garlic before winter in the Urals
For the Urals, the correct dates are October 16, 20, 21, 22, 23. Well, if you come from the Southern or Middle Urals, then be guided by these dates: October 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
That's all I wanted to tell you today. I hope you have no difficulty in growing garlic and that next year will be especially productive. I wish you all a good mood and goodbye!
Errors in soil preparation
- The clove did not sprout in the spring. Probable reason: the clove has rotted in the ground or has "gone" too deep into the ground. Most likely, the culture was planted in loose soil immediately after digging, the requirement for the time for soil subsidence was not met: the clove, along with the subsiding soil, became excessively buried.
- The planting material has rotted in the ground. Planting garlic in a lowland with constantly accumulating moisture after rain or melting snow can lead to a similar phenomenon.
- When pressed into the soil, the clove is injured. At the end of winter, the teeth are on the surface of the soil. Such problems indicate that the soil is not loose enough. It is advisable to add some sand or peat to the garden bed before digging into the soil.
Autumn is a fertile time not only for harvesting, but also for taking the first steps in anticipation of the future. When growing winter garlic, an important condition for the success of a gardener is a thorough preparation of the site for planting it. Having fulfilled several simple requirements, the gardener will provide himself with a bountiful harvest of this useful crop.
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