By: Amy Grant
What are coffeeberries? Sorry, not coffee or related to coffee at all. The name is indicative of the deep brown coffee color, which the berries attain once ripened. Coffeeberry plants are an excellent landscape choice for the sustainable garden, or really anywhere, due to their ability to survive in most any climate, soil, and irrigation level.
What are Coffeeberries?
A member of the Buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, California coffeeberry plants (Frangula californica; formerly Rhamnus californica) are an adaptable evergreen shrub useful in the garden as an informal hedge or in the understory as a backdrop for showier plants. Cultivars of growing coffeeberries range in size from 2 to 3 feet (60 to 90 cm.) tall by 3 to 4 feet (0.9 to 1.2 m.) wide to some around 4 to 10 feet (1.2 to 3 m.) tall, although in its native environment growing in the shade, specimens may attain a height greater than 15 feet (4.5 m.).
The flowers of growing coffeeberries are insignificant but produce lovely berries in hues from lime green to rose red and burgundy to nearly black against a dark green backdrop of foliage. Although these berries are inedible to humans, they are relished by many types of birds and small mammals during the late summer to fall months.
Additional Coffeeberry Plant Information
Just as coffeeberry plant owes part of its common name to its resemblance to roasted coffee beans, there is yet another similarity akin to coffee. Like coffee, coffeeberries act as a strong laxative and may be available commercially in tablet form or liquid capsules.
The Kawaiisu Indians used mashed coffeeberry leaves, sap and the berries themselves to halt bleeding and aid in the healing of burns, infections and other wounds. In low doses, taken internally, coffeeberry may ease rheumatism. The bark and berries of coffeeberry plant were also used to induce vomiting.
How to Grow Coffeeberry
The answer to, “How to grow coffeeberry?” is very easy. Growing coffeeberries are widespread throughout most of California and found anywhere from woodlands to less hospitable brushy canyons and chaparral.
Able to thrive in light conditions from full sun to shade, drought adaptable but able to survive through rainy seasons, flourishing in heavy clay soils that thwart the growth of most other plants, growing coffeeberries is as easy a plant to grow as the gardener can hope for.
Coffeeberry Shrub Care
Hmm. Well, lest I sound like a broken record, coffeeberry plants are extremely forgiving and almost anywhere you decide to plant them, they will adapt and survive. Coffeeberry shrub care really couldn’t be simpler; the only real question is what cultivar to choose.
Cultivars of coffeeberry plants range in sizes with many low-growing varieties like ‘Seaview Improved’ and ‘Little Sure’ to middle of the road ‘Mound San Bruno’ and ‘Leatherleaf’ on into the taller trees such as ‘Eve Case’ and ‘Bonita Linda,’ which makes a lovely living trellis.
This article was last updated on
5 Reasons You Should NEVER Use Coffee Grounds In Your Garden
Published: Sep 16, 2019 by Tracey Besemer · This post may contain affiliate links.
A quick search for “Using coffee grounds in the garden” and Google will unleash a deluge of links to articles telling you to save those spent grounds!
We are advised to put them in the garden for perky plants and bright blue azaleas. Coffee grounds ward off slugs! Put coffee grounds in your compost for healthy soil and earthworms! Grow HUGE plants with coffee grounds! Some even suggest using coffee as a mulch.
It doesn’t take long to see that coffee is touted as the panacea of the garden. Whatever you’re gardening issue is, it seems coffee can fix it.
(As a coffee-lover, I’m already convinced of the magical properties of coffee to bring me back to the living.)
But are coffee grounds really all that great for your garden?
Once you start digging into Google’s massive list of articles, conflicting information begins to surface. Coffee grounds are too acidic coffee grounds aren’t acidic at all. Coffee is terrible for your compost coffee makes excellent compost, etc.
Because I love you, Rural Sprout readers, I spent a couple of hours sleuthing on the internet to cut through the myth and bring you the truth.
You might want to sit down for this.
But make a cup of coffee before you settle in to read. We’re about to fall down the rabbit hole.
What You’ll Learn
- Breaking Ground
- Keep Those Wild Berries Away!
- Full Sun and Good Soil
- Organic Material
- Space and Room to Grow
- Which Types to Grow
- Raspberries and Blackberries
Native Shrubs of the Pacific and Northwest
Native shrubs also offer strength, beauty and some berries for you as well.
Plants of the West or Pacific coast vary from the hot arid South, North to Alaska and every point in between.
The Pacific coast is long strip from the crest of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade ranges in the East, to the Pacific Ocean in the West.
North, from the Alaska coastline all the way South to Baja, California.
This defined region embraces extremes in climate and length of growing seasons. What other region offers extreme winters and cold temperatures, to Mediterranean and sub tropical conditions.
In the dry South, Xeriscaping may be in order and plants may be from the desert southwest or natives that require less water and enjoy the heat. Plantings like Sages, Manzanita and Toyon.
As you head North, dry heat gives way to cooler temperatures and rain. Temperate rain forests follow the coastline from northern California, through Oregon, Washington, British Columbia and Alaska.
What is amazing about the region is many of the same shrubs that grow in California are native to coastal Alaska and Canada.
Though summers are short in Alaska and Canada, the warmer Pacific waters keep the coastal temperatures at a moderate level where Hardiness zones 5 and 6 are the norm.
Though I will mention a handful of shrubs, many if not all of them can grow throughout most of the Pacific coast region and all are natives.
California coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica):
California coffeeberries are shrubs that can be found and grow throughout the region.
These easy to grow densely branched evergreen bushes are found on wind swept coastal areas where they may be only a foot tall, to inland shrubs that may be over 10 feet tall.
Zone hardy from Z5 to Z10, Coffeeberry's water requirements are low and it prefers a sandy well drained soil.
It grows in full sun to light shade making it ideal for most coastal area gardens.
The attractive fruits will bring several fruit-eating birds to your native garden. Cedar waxwings, American robins, Black headed grosbeaks and others will enjoy your offerings.
Pollinators, like hover flies, bees and other insects will enjoy the small flowers in late spring.
The dense branches provide cover for birds and small mammals.
Pale swallowtail butterflies also lay their eggs on the leaves of California coffeeberry.
|Frangula californica subsp. californica||Accepted|
|Plant Habit:||Shrub |
|Life cycle:||Perennial |
|Sun Requirements:||Full Sun |
Full Sun to Partial Shade
|Water Preferences:||Mesic |
|Minimum cold hardiness:||Zone 8b -9.4 °C (15 °F) to -6.7 °C (20 °F) |
|Maximum recommended zone:||Zone 11 |
|Plant Height :||15 - 20 feet on favorable sites but usually grows 4 - 6 feet.|
|Plant Spread :||6 - 8 feet|
Other: Leaves dark green above with paler reverse leaves usually inrolled.
Edible to birds
Other: Small green drupes, maturing to red and then black each containing 2 seeds that resemble coffee beans.
|Fruiting Time:||Fall |
Late fall or early winter
|Flower Color:||Other: Greenish |
|Bloom Size:||Under 1" |
|Flower Time:||Spring |
Late spring or early summer
|Underground structures:||Taproot |
|Suitable Locations:||Xeriscapic |
|Uses:||Windbreak or Hedge |
|Resistances:||Drought tolerant |
|Toxicity:||Other: Handling the plant may cause contact dermititis in some individuals. |
|Pollinators:||Various insects |
Birds are known to just about strip all the fruit from these shrubs to the point that most seeds never reach the ground and sprout.
Times are presented in US Central Standard Time
Today's site banner is by lauriemorningglory and is called "Pretty in Pink"
How to Harvest and Use Borage
Borage leaves are tasty in salads, or you can cook them as you would kale or spinach. Pick only the young, tender leaves as the older ones get hairy.
Harvest in the morning when the dew has dried, but the sun hasn’t got too hot. This helps retain the distinctive taste of the oils.
Dry the leaves in the oven or air dry them by hanging plants in a warm, airy room. Use the dried leaves as seasoning. You can also use the dry leaves as a salt alternative when cooking.
You can also eat borage blossoms. Pick the flowers in the morning before they wilt too much in the sun.
Candy them and use on cakes or as a sweet treat. They can be added to salads for flavor and color, or top sandwiches, dips, and soups.
If you have too many blossoms to use them all up, freeze them with water in an ice cube tray. You can use the cubes to add color to fruit punches.
As with all edible flowers eat in moderation until you’re sure your system can process them.
Both the leaves and the flowers can be used medicinally. You can also make an oil out of the seeds, which can ease eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, and itchy skin.
The leaves can be used to help with menstrual symptoms, and pain and swelling. The flowers are useful for fever, cough, and depression.
Borage is good at self-seeding (although nowhere near as prolific as mint). You can either let the seeds fall to self -seed for next season, or collect the seeds and replant.
Wait for the flowers to die off and pick the seeds before they fall to the ground. I find when they start turning brown is the best time to pick them. Ensure they are dry before sealing in a paper envelope for next year.
We hope you give borage a go. It’s a pretty plant that is far more useful than a lot of people realize. If you have bees, then I highly recommend borage because it will make your honey taste incredible. Your bees will thank you for it, as well.